Scriptures are cited from the King James (Authorized) Version, unless stated otherwise.


And for this very thing also, using all diligence, superadd to your faith fortitude, and to

fortitude knowledge, and to knowledge self-control, and to self-control patience, and to

patience piety, and to piety brotherly-kindness, and to

brotherly-kindness love.

2 Peter 1: 5-7 (The Emphatic Diaglott)


GOD HAS apparently arranged everything in nature to illustrate great spiritual truths. The nation

of Israel is repeatedly symbolized by a vine tree, whose only purpose was to bear fruit. But their

nation as a whole failed to bring forth fruit (Matthew 21: 43). Christendom has made the same

mistake, failing to recognize that the primary object for Christians is to bear the fruits of holiness

(1 Thessalonians 4: 3).


The true vine is Christ and the branches are individual Christians, fully consecrated to God, who

are striving to cultivate the fruits of holiness. Because Jesus and His disciples followed this

course, He could say: “I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman,” “I am the vine, ye

are the branches” (John 15: 1, 5).


A Tree Planted by the Rivers of Water


The tree described in Psalm 1: 1-3 refers to the individual Christian. A tree planted by rivers of

water generally has plenty of life, because it has access to, and absorbs plenty of water. The same

tree transplanted to a desert would soon die from lack of water. So it is with the Christian. He or

she can only grow spiritually by having access to the rivers of the water of truth, the books of the

Bible. The more truth he absorbs and uses, the more vitality he gains.


A tree begins with a seed, and that seed must be sown in prepared ground. In the parable of the

sower (Matthew 13: 3-8), our Lord spoke of the different kinds of ground, and said that the good

ground was “an honest and good heart” (Luke 8: 15). The preparation of the ground is

recognizing that we are sinners and in need of a Savior. Then, by exercising faith toward God

through Jesus, we become justified by faith, have peace with God, and are ready to receive the

seed, the word of the Kingdom, into our heart. Thus the ground in which the seed is sown is the

justified mind and heart.


Let us now compare the various parts of the tree with the various stages in the development of a

Christian as outlined in 2 Peter 1: 5-7:


The Root of Faith


With the root of a tree, its tendrils are first small and delicate, but they grow and spread in all

directions. Likewise, a Christian’s faith begins small, but eventually grows and spreads. A tree’s

root has two functions:

(1.) It takes hold of the ground, but its hold initially is very weak, so that even a child could pluck

it up; but when the tree is large, many strong men could not uproot it. The same is true of the

Christian’s faith. At first it is small and could be easily uprooted, if it were not for our Lord’s

care. But gradually it grows strong and can withstand all the assaults of the enemy.


(2.) It absorbs the water and other elements in the ground, which are useful for the growth of the

tree. The Christian receives the truth of God’s Word by his faith, and just as the root’s sap enables

it to absorb the water and other elements, the holy spirit enables our faith to absorb the water of

truth. Additionally, as the sap nourishes the other parts of the tree, so the holy spirit develops and

strengthens all the other graces.


Add to Your Faith, Fortitude


When a seed is first sown and takes root, no one is aware of it, but when the root grows a stem

which appears above ground we say: “A seed has been planted there, and has taken root.”

Similarly, at first our root of faith was known only to ourselves, but by adding fortitude, or

courage, to our faith, others recognize that the Word of Truth has taken root, for we not only

believe in our heart, but we confess with our mouth that Jesus is our Lord (Romans 10: 9). We are

happy to share God’s Word with others, to model our lives by it and to persevere in spite of

opposition and failures.


Add to Your Fortitude, Knowledge


We begin to speak to others about God’s wonderful Plan, but soon realize that we cannot explain

it very clearly, and we are asked questions that we cannot answer. That sends us to the rivers of

truth, the Word of God, to add knowledge to our fortitude.

Just as there are many branches in a good tree, so the Christian needs to cultivate many branches

of knowledge to be an effective servant of God. The higher, or religious branches, include

knowledge about God, Christ, the Holy Spirit, Creation, Man, the Covenants, Evil, the Ransom,

the High Calling and Restitution. The lower, or secular branches, though not as important, are

somewhat necessary in order to gain a proper understanding of the Bible. For instance, we ought

to know something about grammar, the meaning of words, geography, history, botany, etc.


Add to Your Knowledge, Self-Control


A tree needs branches to bear fruit, but a fruit tree does not grow for the purpose of having

branches. However fine these branches are, they need pruning, for a tree that is not pruned simply

runs to wood. Similarly, the Christian must develop various branches of knowledge in order to

bear an abundant fruitage of love, but careful pruning is necessary, for knowledge alone tends

toward pride (1 Corinthians 8: 1).


The pruning would correspond to self-control, though here the analogy fails, for unlike a tree, the

Christian is expected to do much of his own pruning. Paul says, “For if we would judge

ourselves, we should not be judged. But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that

we should not be condemned with the world” (1 Corinthians 11: 31, 32). Self-control must be

exercised in order to keep the body under; to prevent us from being cast down because of our

failures, nor exalted by our successes; and to prevent us from being turned aside by persecutions.


Add to Your Self-Control, Patience


We must exercise self-control before we can develop patience. Patience is represented by the

leaves of the tree, but the analogy again fails, for leaves will grow on a tree even though it has not

been pruned. There are however several qualities of leaves that resemble patience:

(1.) Leaves are mobile. They bend under the wind, but when it has passed, they recover

themselves immediately. This is different from the trunk of a well developed tree, which

represents our fortitude, our firmness to principles; but the leaves represent our patience, our

yielding to trials when no principle is at stake.

(2.) Their ability to absorb carbonic acid gas, split it up into carbon and oxygen and then

assimilate the former and return the latter to the atmosphere. This illustrates the difference

between the natural man and the spiritual man. Men and animals absorb oxygen and exhale

carbonic acid gas, but trees absorb carbonic acid gas and emit oxygen. Likewise, the worldly man

thrives on material prosperity, but sometimes inflicts injury on those living godly in Christ Jesus;

whereas the latter, uninjured by the experience, uses earthly adversity to bless others and to add

to their own spiritual strength.


Add to Your Patience, Piety; and to Piety, Brotherly-Kindness; and to Brotherly-Kindness,



A fruit tree, in addition to its leaves, must develop buds, blossoms and fruit; so the man of God

must add to his patience, piety, then brotherly-kindness and finally love. Piety, or duty love for

God, is represented by the bud. At this stage the Christian lives by the first great commandment,

stated by our Lord in Mark 12: 30: “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with

all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength.”


Those who continue to grow will add to their piety, brotherly-kindness, or duty love for the

brethren, which is represented by the blossom. At this stage the Christian also lives by the second

great commandment, given in Mark 12: 31: “Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.” Our Lord

also gave The Golden Rule (Matthew 7: 12; Luke 6: 31), which is another description of



Finally, after many toward and untoward experiences, the Christian adds to his brotherly

kindness, love. This beautiful Christian grace goes beyond duty-love – it is unselfish and self

sacrificing – and is represented by the fruit, the Christian’s goal. At this stage one’s love not only

goes out to God, Christ and the brethren, but to the world, and even toward one’s enemies. It is

the mark of perfect love.


Return to Articles Main Page

Contact Us