Scriptures are cited from the King James (Authorized) Version, unless stated otherwise.
GOD’S plan reveals a design for mankind – a restitution or restoration to the perfection and
glory lost in Eden. The nature and extent of the ransom is the strongest evidence for this
outcome, for restitution is its just and logical outcome. All mankind, therefore, must be delivered
from the original penalty of death unless they willfully resist the Great Deliverer. God was under
no obligation to provide a ransom and a promised restitution for mankind – it is an act of His
Paul reasons: “For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord
[ruler, controller] both of the dead and living” (Romans 14: 9). We see here that the object of our
Lord’s death and resurrection is not merely to bless, rule over and restore the living of mankind,
but to grant Him authority over the dead as well. He “gave himself a ransom [a corresponding
price] for all” in order to bless all, and to give every man an individual trial for life. God’s
perfect justice and love gives us the assurance.
The “ransom for all,” does not guarantee everlasting life to anyone, but it does guarantee one full
opportunity or trial for life everlasting. The ransom, along with man’s present experience with
sin and its bitter penalty, will provide man with the most favorable opportunity when he comes
on trial for life. The willfully disobedient alone will receive the penalty of the second death,
from which there will be no ransom.
The circumstances of the future trial will be more favorable, though its terms will be identical to
the Adamic trial, the difference being their increased knowledge. Their experience with evil,
contrasted with their future experience with good, will be the advantage that will make the
results of the second trial so different from the first.
The ransom does not excuse sin in any, but it releases the sinner from the first condemnation and
its results, and places him again on trial for life. His own willful obedience or disobedience will
determine whether he will gain or lose life everlasting.
At present, only the Church have enjoyed the full benefits of the ransom, and have gone on trial
for life. These have received all the blessings of restitution reckoned to them by faith. Though
not actually restored to Adam’s perfection, they are reckoned as perfect. Their imperfections and
weaknesses are not imputed to them, but are covered by the Redeemer’s perfection. Hence the
Church’s trial is as fair as the trial that the world will have. The world will be given a knowledge
of the truth, and as each accepts of its provisions, he will be treated as a son rather than a sinner.
One difference between the trial of the Church and the trial of world is that the obedient of the
world will start receiving a gradual removal of their physical and mental weaknesses. The
Gospel Church, in contrast, goes into death and receives perfection instantaneously in the first
resurrection (1 Corinthians 15: 51, 52) (Revelation 20: 5, 6). Another difference is that the
surroundings in the next age will be favorable to righteousness, rewarding faith and obedience
and punishing sin. In this age, the Church’s trial has been under conditions unfavorable to faith
and righteousness, yet this is compensated for in the reward of the glory and honor of the divine
Adam’s penalty was death, consequentially all his children were born in a dying condition,
ending in death. The suffering accompanying the dying process is merely an incidental feature of
When God swore to Abraham that in his seed all the families of the earth should be blessed, a
restitution for all was implied, including the removal of the curse and a return to His favor. God
showed Abraham that He could not excuse sin, but the only way to blot it out and abolish its
penalty was by a sufficient sacrifice. This is shown in type, or illustrated in: Abraham’s son
Isaac, in whom the promised blessing centered, had first to be a sacrifice before he could bless.
Isaac here typified the true seed, Christ Jesus, who died to redeem men, so that the redeemed
might all receive the promised blessing (Hebrews 11: 19).
The entire race was in Adam when he was condemned and lost life, so when Jesus “gave himself
a ransom for all,” He sacrificed an unborn race in His loins. A full satisfaction, or corresponding
price for all men was thus put unto the hands of Justice to be applied “in due time,” and He who
thus bought all has full authority to restore all who come unto God by Him.
“As by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the
righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. For as by one
man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made
righteous” (Romans 5: 18, 19). As the sentence of condemnation extended to all of Adam’s seed,
even so, through the obedience of our Lord Jesus Christ to the Father’s plan, by the sacrifice of
Himself on our behalf, a free gift is extended to all – a gift of forgiveness, which, if accepted,
will constitute a justification or basis for life everlasting.
So far, only the Church has been justified by faith in His blood, but since Christ is the
satisfaction for the sins of the whole world, all men may be released from the penalty of Adam’s
sin by Him under the New Covenant.
Death – extinction of being – is the wages of sin. Those who think of death as life in torment
disregard the meaning of the words death and life, which are opposites. It is absurd to suppose
that God would continue Adam’s existence forever in torment for any kind of sin, especially the
comparatively small offence of eating forbidden fruit. Also, if our Lord Jesus died in our stead to
redeem mankind, would not His death be exactly the same kind as that to which all mankind
were condemned? Is He, then, suffering eternal torture for our sins? If not, then so surely as He
died for our sins, the punishment for our sins was death, and not life in any sense or condition.
Some claim that if the billions of the dead were raised, there would not be enough room for them
on the earth, and even if there were enough room, the earth could not sustain so large a number.
Do their claims have any merit? Let us assume it is sixty-one hundred years since man’s
creation, and there are approximately seven billion people now living on the earth. Though our
race began with one pair, let us make a very liberal estimate and suppose there were as many at
the beginning as now, and that there were never fewer than that number. Let us again be liberal
and estimate three generations to a century, or thirty-three years to a generation. Let us see:
sixty-one hundred years are sixty-one centuries; three generations to a century would give us one
hundred and eighty-three generations since Adam; and seven billion to a generation would give
us one trillion two hundred and eighty-one billions (1,281,000,000,000) as the total number of
our race from creation to the present time, according to this liberal estimate, which is probably
many times the actual number.
Where shall we find enough room for this great multitude? The State of Alaska contains six
hundred and sixty-three thousand square miles. There are twenty-seven million eight hundred
and seventy-eight thousand four hundred square feet in a mile, and therefore, eighteen trillion
four hundred eighty-three billion three hundred seventy-nine million two hundred thousand
(18,483,379,200,000) square feet in Alaska. Allowing ten square feet as the surface covered by
each dead body, we find Alaska, as a cemetery, would at this rate hold one trillion eight hundred
forty eight billion three hundred thirty seven million nine hundred thousand (1,848,337,920,000)
bodies, or nearly one half more than our exaggerated estimate of the numbers of our race who
have lived on the earth.
A person standing occupies about one and two-thirds square feet of space. At this rate, the
present population of the earth (seven billion people) could stand on an area of four hundred and
twenty square miles – an area much less than that of the city of Los Angeles. And the state of
Minnesota (area, nearly eighty-seven thousand square miles) would furnish standing room to
spare for the entire number of people who have ever lived on earth, even at our exaggerated
And when we call to mind the prophecy of Isaiah (35: 1-6), that the earth shall yield her
increase; that the desert shall rejoice and blossom as the rose; that in the wilderness shall waters
break out, and streams in the desert, we see that God has foreseen all the necessities of His plan,
and will make ample provision for the needs of His creatures in what will seem a very natural
Some object to the Scriptural testimony concerning restitution to a former estate as being out of
harmony with the teachings of science and philosophy. Pointing to the superior intelligence of
the twenty-first century which they claim has been attained by development, they conclude that
primeval man must have been very lacking in intelligence compared to present man, making
restitution to a former estate the reverse of a blessing.
But could there be another explanation for the increased knowledge, skill and power of man than
the theory of Evolution which states that man was developed from a very low order of being,
though has now reached the superior, or “Brain Age”? In the study of painting and sculpture, do
not students today go back to the great masters of the past? Do they not draw largely upon the
original designs of the past ages for its architecture? Do not the orators and logicians study and
copy the methods of Plato, Aristotle and Demosthenes? Might not many of the public speakers
today covet the tongue of a Demosthenes or an Apollos, and especially the reasoning power of
the Apostle Paul.
Going back further, consider the wisdom, logic and the fine moral sensibilities of Job, or the
laws given through Moses, which have been the foundation for the laws of all civilized nations,
and are still recognized as the embodiment of marvelous wisdom. The exhuming of ancient
buried cities reveals a knowledge of the arts and sciences in past ages which is surprising some
of today’s philosophers. Or the Great Pyramid of Egypt, some four thousand years old, its
construction and other truths has caused wonder and amazement to the most learned scientists
Increase of Knowledge through Education
How do we account for the increase of general knowledge, modern technology, etc.? From a
human standpoint, the invention of printing in 1440 A.D. started it all. The printing of books
recorded the thoughts and discoveries of thinkers and observers. With books came a more
general education and finally, common schools. This process has given each succeeding
generation an advantage over previous generations. These more advantageous circumstances
have caused men in general to use more of their brain capacity than at any former period.
But what do the Scriptures teach on this subject? God had determined to permit sin and misery
to oppress the world for six thousand years, and in the seventh millennium to restore all things
and destroy evil. With the reign of evil drawing to a close, God has permitted circumstances to
favor discoveries in His Book of Revelation and His Book of Nature, to prepare mankind for
their blessing and uplift during the Millennial Age (Daniel 12: 1, 4, 10).
Why did not God arrange for the present inventions and blessings to have come sooner? Because
He foresaw that His choicest blessings would lead to and produce greater evils if bestowed upon
those with hearts out of harmony with His righteous laws. Ultimately, all will see God’s wisdom
in this procedure.
How so? First, as long as mankind is in his fallen condition, without stringent laws and penalties
and a government strong enough to enforce them, his selfish qualities will more or less control.
And considering man’s unequal individual capacities, the tendency would be to make the rich
richer and the poor poorer.
Secondly, had the labor-saving inventions of the present day come sooner, a great decrease of
hours of labor and a great increase of leisure time would have resulted. Idleness is the mother of
vice, and mental, moral and physical degradation would have caused a more rapid deterioration
of our race; hence we see the wisdom and goodness of God in withholding these blessings until
the due time for their introduction, in preparation for the Millennial reign of blessing.
Time of Trouble precedes Millennial Reign
The prophet Daniel, cited above, links the increase of knowledge with the time of trouble. The
knowledge causes the trouble, because of the depravity of the race. When the Millennial reign
shall have rewritten the law of God in the restored human heart, men will be capable of using
full liberty without injury or danger.
The day of trouble will end in due time, when the Prince of Peace shall “stand up” in authority
and say “Peace! Be still!,” and a great calm will result. And during the reign of the Christ “all the
families of the earth” will be blessed. Men shall then recognize that what they attributed to
evolution or natural development was instead the flashings of the Lord’s lightnings in “the day
of his preparation” for the blessing of mankind (Psalm 77: 18).
The Bible reveals that God created man perfect and upright, an image of Himself, but that man
defiled himself; that all being sinners, the race was unable to help itself, and none could by any
means redeem his brother or give to God a ransom for him (Psalm 49: 7, 15); that God in
compassion and love had already made provision for this; that the Son of God became a man,
gave man’s ransom-price, and as a reward for this sacrifice, was highly exalted, even to the
divine nature; and that in due time, He will restore the race to the original perfection and to
every blessing then possessed.
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